The Frederiksborger is the oldest horse breed from Denmark, and is named after the stud of king Frederik II, that was founded in 1562 with Andalusian and Neapolitan stallions. In the sixteenth century, Denmark was one of the main suppliers of excellent riding horses and cavalry horses.
Later, a lot of Arabian and English Thoroughbred was added, and therefore the old type has become quite rare.
He’s got a lively temperament, and he is a willing worker.
It is a warmblood with a lot of nobility. He has a small head with mostly a Roman nose, and a lovely carried neck. Shoulders and chest are exceptionally strong. The back is broad, and croup and loins are muscular. The horse has good legs and hocks.
Originally, the Frederiksborger was meant to be a High School horse, but in the last century it has developped into an all-round riding horse, due to the crossings with Arabian and English Thoroughbreds.
The modern Frederiksborger has a good walk, a large trot and a nice canter.
The basic material in Frederiksborg consisted of Spanish horses, that came from the Iberian peninsula, and from Mid- and Eastern Europe. Later, Neapolitans were added, and crossings were made with English Halfblood stallions, often with Norfolk Roadster-blood in them. Eastern horses, mostly Arabians, were used to refine the breed. In turn, horses from the royal stud in Frederiksborg were used to refine other breeds.
There was a great demand for the original Frederiksborgers in Europe. They were usually chestnuts, elegant and fiery, and they moved with a proud, high lift in the knees that gave the rider the desired heroic appearance. Also, they had a very uniform temperament just like their Spanish ancestors. The popularity of the breed was its doom. A lot of horses were being sold abroad, amongst those some of the best breeding horses. The bloodlines, that had been so carefully built up, were so exhausted, that the royal stud had to close their doors in 1839. The breeding of Frederiksborgers was continued by private studs in Denmark, but they focussed more on the coach horses, and the draught horses of the more light type, and not on the light riding horses. Around this time, the chestnut colour was anchered for the breed, and most horses were around 1.65 m big. Not too long ago, Frederiksborger mares were crossed with breeds like the English Thoroughbred and the Trakehner to get the Danish warmblood.