After 10 months being 'out' of the game, Maestro and Toronto are back in:
- Toronto, 18 years old now, had a tough couple of months at the start of this year.
- And Maestro became 24 years old last April!
But their 'mental' game is strong at the moment! So we did some groundwork and longeing in the last couple of weeks. And this is an impression of the very first duo-liberty session in the new riding arena: Now it's always interesting to see that, what a horse knows, he knows: He doesn't forget if you didn't do something for 10 months. And another fascinating thing to see is, that if you DON'T do something for a while, that when you return to that something, they do it with an even better understanding and more motivation. As I said before:
- A horse that is motivated but doesn't understand what the game is about, won't play your game.
- But a horse that understands what you want, but isn't motivated, won't do it either.
So understanding and motivation are two important keys to play the game. Here are seven tips to reinforce especially the 'understanding' key and the accelerate the learning process:
Tip #1: Give Your Horse a Break
With horses, once they learned something new, then it's good to give them a break for 6 to 8 weeks on that particular new item that they just learned. So you simply leave it for a while, and you do not ask for it. Then, when you come back at it after a few weeks, they are better at it as ever before! For example:
- If you taught them to carry a saddle and a rider, leave it for 6 to 8 weeks, and then come back to the riding. This approach will give your horse time to sink in, and as a result, your horse will carry you with much more confidence after those 6-8 weeks.
- If you taught a horse the flying change, leave it for 6 to 8 weeks, and he will do it with so much more confidence as if he has been doing it all his life. Because here's the thing: if you had kept doing it in those 6 to 8 weeks, the quality would be much lower, guaranteed!
- If you have done something new at liberty with your horse - or with 2, or 3, or 4, or 5 horses - and everything is going quite nicely, then don't do it for a while. Then, when you return to it, everything will go much smoother!
And here's why:
Tip #2: Give The Brain Time To Process
More isn't always better when it comes to teaching your horse something new. So when teaching a horse something completely new, such as carrying a rider, doing a flying change, performing a levade, doing STuff at liberty, horse trainers are better off giving their horses breaks, rather than daily drills. Because here's the thing: Most horses trained once or twice a week for a short period learn more between sessions than those taught every day in long lessons. That's because:
- The brain needs time to process what it has received.
- It needs time to a sort of 'archive' what has been learned.
- It has to move from the '24h memory' into a part where it is stored in a sort of 'cement'.
Tip #3: Give Short And Long Rests
To reinforce desired behavior, we Release, Reward, and Relax in ST. Each of these reinforcers is incredibly important, but many riders focus on one of these but forget the other two. So when your horse does something right, remember to rest and relax! Because teaching a horse something new, benefits from breaks:
- Short rests for simple tasks, such as lining up next to each other. This is the 'relax' part of the 5R Formula and about giving a horse a moment of relaxation within a training session.
- Long rests for complex tasks, such as the flying change. This is giving your horse a long break, varying from a few days to a few weeks.
So learning takes time. And in-depth learning needs deepsleep!
Tip #4: Make Sure Your Horse Can Sleep Deeply
The most effective break of all is being at night when the horse is sleeping. During sleep, his brain is actually working very hard: The pathways of neurons that fire when a horse learns a task, are re-fired during deep sleep. How does a horse get into this deep sleep?
- A horse can doze standing up but must be lying down - either lying chest-down or on his side - to experience this important deep sleep.
- Horses don’t sleep like humans, so they don't need 8 hours of lying down, 30 to 40 minutes in 24 hours is enough.
Now a horse needs to feel comfortable and safe enough in his environment in order to relax and get into this deep sleep.
- So if he's in a stall, make sure he has enough room to lie down.
- Insufficient bedding can also make it uncomfortable for the horse to lie down, so keep an eye on that too.
Bottom line: Sleep is a very important part of the horse’s learning process! And not only that; it's also a very important part of his overall health. But back to the learning process:
Tip #5: Figure Out What Your Horse Needs
Every horse is unique, and we have to figure out what suits him best in the learning process. For example:
- Some horses learn something - for example the exercise haunches-in - by teaching it 7 training days.
- Other horses learn something in fewer sessions if they are trained every other day, instead of every day.
- And some horses perform better if they are trained once a day over seven days, instead of seven times in a row.
Again, this also depends on the complexity of the task. So we have to find the 'sweet spot' for our own horse when it comes to teaching our horse something completely new: We have to figure out the ideal total number of training sessions, so we know how to approach the teaching process. And by trial and error, your horse will let you know. But here are some guidelines:
Tip #6: Follow The Space-Time Guidelines
In general, when it comes to teaching a horse something completely new, there are a few 'space-time' guidelines: Horses taught two or three times a week for a short period perform better, than:
- Horses trained seven times a week for a short time.
- Horses trained one to two times per week for a long time.
- Horses trained daily in long training sessions often perform worse.
So that's something to think about. But however trained: What a horse knows, he knows! Therefore:
Tip #7: Stop At The Highlight Of The Day
What your horse has learned and understood, he will remember forever. Regardless of how a horse is trained, once he understands what to do, he will perform the behavior at any time - of course only if he's motivated to do it. So once your horse has learned to carry a rider, do a flying change, perform a levade, he will never forget. The same applies to undesired behavior by the way! So don't give your horse a long break after he did something you don't want him to repeat! Like rearing, nipping, biting. So always make sure to stop at the highlight of the day! Because thisstop is the start of a long break: Most of the time at least a 24 break... Including a moment of deep sleep... Hmmm... something to think about...
Links To Related & Relevant Articles
- The 5R Formula
- First Capture What You Get, Then What You Want
- How To Inspire Your Horse
- How Horses Learn
Wanna Learn More?
I'm about to start a brand new group of ST Mastery Students in September 2018 who will train together with me, and this is how it works:
- 1. First, we'll first do a brand new, and free, Mini Mastery Course to give you insight in where to start with the Straightness Training, what to do next, and how to deal with challenges and setbacks along the way.
- 2. After that, the doors will be opened to the ST Mastery 2018 Class for those who would like to take serious action. In this class, you'll get step-by-step coaching, personal feedback, and 24/7 support to get to the next levels of you and your horse's abilities.
And anyone with any horse can join these two parts - no matter what age or breed or level of competence - there are no admission requirements to enter. So if you are ready to make a positive change for your horse, get on the Early Bird List, so you're the first to know when we get STarted: